Sunday, September 3, 2017

Marietta, OH Part 2 (9/3/2017)

Sunday, September 3, 2017 (continued)
From the Ohio River Museum, we walked a block up to the Campus Martius Museum.
The Ohio Company of Associates was formed in 1786 by General Rufus Putnam, Reverend Manasseh Cutler, Samuel Holden Parsons, and Benjamin Tupper with goal of acquiring and settling land in the Ohio Country. After Congress enacted the Ordinance of 1787, creating the Northwest Territory, the Ohio Company made its purchase. Rufus Putnam led the first group of settlers to the Ohio and Muskingum in 1788.
In 1788-1791, the Ohio Company erected a civilian fortification, called Campus Martius, with the four walls being houses, and a blockhouse at each corner. When the fort was taken down, General Rufus Putnam left his blockhouse standing at the southeast corner. In 1928-931, the Campus Martius Museum was built incorporating Putnam's house.
The Campus Martius Museum focuses on the Northwest Territory and history of Marietta, OH.
Another Conestoga Wagon, this one is packed for moving
Miami University was the second of the first two universities in
Ohio; chartered in 1809 after Ohio University in 1804
Brass surveyor's chain, where surveying measurements were counted
in links; there are 100 links equaling 66 feet, or 4 rods; there are
80 chains in a mile, and an acre is the area of 10 square chains
The Putnam House
Kitchen hearth of the Putnam House
The Land Office (1788), the oldest building in Marietta, OH
Seeing more of Marietta, OH.
Minor Basilica of St Mary of the Assumption (established in 1838, built
1904-1909, designed by Emile Uhlrich in Spanish Renaissance style -
a blend of Romanesque and Baroque)
Basilica of St Mary interior
Basilica of St Mary dome (KSS)
Mother of Perpetual Help icon (2008-2009)
Baptismal font/fountain (the top surface is flat
and the gold color is a reflection) and the
Holy Family statue (2008-2009)
Stained glass window above the main doors;
it was ordered from Munich, Germany, and is said to
have come through the British blockade on continental
Europe during World War I
Across the street is the First Presbyterian Church (1896-1897)
The Castle (1855 in Gothic Revival style), a Victorian House Museum
Gate to the Mound Cemetery
Conus, the mound in Mound Cemetery, is a burial mound
surrounded by a ditch and an embankment
The founders of Marietta preserved the mound and surrounded it with their own cemetery.
At the top of the mound is a plaque for a time capsule,
and this Kindness Rock Project message
Tamiko at the top of the mound (KSS)
Looking down from the mound
Pioneer Memorial (1931) (KSS)
Memorial to American Revolutionary War veterans
whose burial place is unknown (KSS)
It is said that the Mound Cemetery has the highest number of burials of American Revolutionary War officers in the United States.
Marker for American Revolutionary War veteran
Marker for World War I veteran
Marker for World War II veteran
Marker for Korea War veteran
Marker for Vietnam War veteran
The Washington County Public library sits on the flat-topped
Capitolium Mound, thought to be used for studying the stars
The Quadranaou Mound in the distance
The river end of Sacra Via, which was once
a walled pathway from the mounds to the river
The mounds are considered to have been built during the Hopewell Culture from 200 BC to 500 CE, in the Middle Woodland period. It is noted that the mounds line up with winter solstice sunset.
Dinner was at the Marietta Brewing Company
We spent the night in Marietta at a new Comfort Suites.

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