Monday, June 14, 2021

Lewis & Clark Trip Day 38: Last Day in Montana (6/14/2021)

Monday, June 14, 2021
Cottonwoods by the Yellowstone River in Laurel, MT
Western Heritage Center (1901, by C S Haire as the
Parmly Billings Library in Richardsonian Romanesque style)
is located in Billings, MT
Moss Mansion (1903, by Henry Janeway Hardenbergh
in English Renaissance style) for Preston Boyd Moss, a
banker who established the utility companies in Billings, MT
Peter Yegen Jr Yellowstone County Museum in the
McCormick Log Cabin (1893 in downtown Billings,
moved close to the airport in 1954)
We saw a video about Joseph Medicine Crow
who served in the US Army during WWII,
and earned a Presidential Medal of Freedom
As a member of the Crow tribe, he was trained
as a warrior, and as a soldier he carried an
eagle feather in his helmet; through his
war experiences, Joe Medicine Crow
accomplished the four "coups" necessary to
become a Crow War Chief: 1) touch an enemy,
2) take an enemy's gun, 3) take an enemy's
horse, and 4) lead a successful "war party"
McCormick-Spear Roundup Wagon (c 1920s)
The Roundup Wagon is what we would call
the Chuck Wagon/a field kitchen
Saddle of the 1964 World Champion
Steer Wrestler C R Boucher, who
was born in Livingston, MT (KSS)
An early type of War Bonnet/headdress
earned by a War Chief (KSS)
War Bonnet/headdress and trailer originally
were worn only by warriors during battle;
now they are worn for ceremonies
Detail of how the eagle feathers are attached
Tragic story of Sacrifice Cliff, where 16
warriors purposely drove themselves over a
cliff to free their tribe from a smallpox epidemic
Crow woman's saddle (KSS)
Photo of the woman's saddle in use (KSS)
Two-faced Ghost Dance Doll; while the
First Peoples saw their culture coming to an end
with westward expansion, a spiritual movement
began in hopes that clean living and more
cooperation between the First Nations would
end American expansion and bring peace
Billings, MT: Lewis & Clark Historical Marker
A Range Rider of the Yellowstone (1925,
by Charles C Cristadoro) of actor
William S Hart and his horse "Paint"

*On 7/25/1806, on the return trip, William Clark and his party came to a rock formation that Clark ascended. He scratched his name and the date along with other names of other early trappers and soldiers, and pictographs and petroglyphs of the First Peoples. Clark named the formation for Sakagawea's child, Jean Baptiste, whom Clark nicknamed "Pomp," calling it Pompy's Tower.*

Pompey's Pillar: Lewis & Clark Historical Marker
Pompey's Pillar National Monument Interpretive Center (2006)
Pompey's Pillar was also significant for
the Plains Nations that came here to trade
Bust (2006) of Captain William Clark
York
William Clark
Sakagawea and Jean Baptiste "Pomp"
at 17 months of age
Modern methods were used to create these two dugout canoes
Pompey's Pillar
Steps to climb to the top of the pillar
Clark's "signature" is now protected
View west upriver on the Yellowstone River
View east downriver
A fishing access sign is marred by bullets

*On 7/26/1806, William Clark and his group reached the mouth of the Bighorn River.*

Bighorn River Bridge (1931-1933)
Bighorn River curves to the right to meet the Yellowstone River
Our lunch venue in Hysham, MT, which was surprisingly
clean and modern for being nearly in the middle of nowhere
Hysham, MY: Yucca Theatre (1831, by David and
James Manning in Mission style)

*On 7/29/1806, William Clark's party reached the mouth of the Tongue River.*

Another blocked attempt to see a river confluence:
the Tongue River meets the Yellowstone somewhere
beyond the trees on the right near Miles City, MT
Next: Lewis & Clark Trip Day 39.