Saturday, September 30, 2017

Lake View Cemetery 7 (9/30/2017)

Saturday, September 30, 2017
Finally some cooler weather, and perhaps finally someone known beyond Cleveland, OH!
All these folks are in Section 5.
Someone has to keep the Clarke family monument
filled with flowers
Rufus Dunham (1792-1862)
Rufus Dunham was the proprietor of Dunham's Tavern, a stagecoach stop on the old Buffalo Road (now Euclid Avenue), halfway between Doan's Corner (now E 105th Street) and Public Square. The tavern is the oldest building on its original foundation in Cleveland.
Bill Borgman (1898-1926)
Why does he have a Lake View Cemetery banner?
Bill Borgman, a patrolman with the Cleveland Police Department, was fatally shot when responding to shots fired at a store.
Alberta has outlived her grave marker?!
Charles W Chesnutt (1856-1932)
Charles Waddell Chesnutt, a novelist and lawyer, was the first black writer to deal with race from the African-American's point of view. He was a teacher in black schools in North Carolina and came to Cleveland in 1883, where he would study law while working as a stenographer for Judge Samuel Williamson. In 1887, the Atlantic Monthly published its first Chesnutt story, "The Goophered Grapevine." He wrote volumes of short stories and several novels. Chesnutt lobbied the mayor of Cleveland to oppose a bill in the Ohio legislature that would have outlawed interracial marriages. He was born to free persons of color, and identified as black although he was said to be seven-eighths white. The South at this time had the "one-drop rule" that legally classified him as black.
McQuigg family monument
John Rea McQuigg (1865-1928)
General John R McQuigg grew up in Ohio and graduated from the National Law School (Washington, DC) in 1890, moving to Cleveland to practice. He served as Mayor of East Cleveland for three terms from 1907-1913. Notably, he joined the Cleveland Grays (a volunteer militia unit) in 1892, and fought in the Spanish-American War and World War I. McQuigg advised General John J Pershing and United States President Calvin Coolidge at the White House in the 1920s. He was given the nickname "Go Get 'Em McQuigg" for his ability to round-up soldiers for duty. McQuigg was elected National Commander of the American Legion in 1925.
William John White (1850-1923)
William White was a candy maker and later manufactured chewing gum when in 1884 he mistakenly bought a barrel of Yucatan chicle. After discovering it could be softened and made chewable, he added mint and sold the product as "Yucatan." In 1890, he established and became president of American Chicle Company. White put Dr Edwin E Beeman's pepsin into his gum to create Beeman's Pepsin Gum. White served as Mayor of West Cleveland in 1889 and was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1893.
Carl B Stokes (1927-1996)
Carl BEE Stokes...
Carl Burton Stokes and his brother, politician Louis Stokes, were raised by their widowed mother in Cleveland's first federally funded housing project for the poor, Outhwaite Homes. Stokes dropped out of high school in 1944 to work, then joined the United States Army at age 18. After his discharge in 1946, Stokes returned to Cleveland and earned his high school diploma in 1947. He graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1954 and from Cleveland-Marshall College of Law in 1956. Stokes was elected to the Ohio State House of Representatives, serving three terms from 1962-1968. There he worked to even out legislative districts, succeeding in getting his brother, Louis Stokes, elected to the United States House of Representatives for three decades.
In 1965, Carl Stokes narrowly lost the election for Mayor of Cleveland, but won two years later, becoming the first black mayor of one of the ten biggest cities in the country, serving from 1968-1971. Afterwards he went on the lecture circuit, then became the first black anchorman at WNBC-TV in New York City. He returned to Cleveland and was municipal judge from 1983-1994. In 1994, President Bill Clinton appointed him United States Ambassador to the Republic of Seychelles, where he was soon diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus and died in 1996 while on medical leave.
Carl Stokes has a view of the lake behind Wade Memorial Chapel
Hermon M Chapin (1823-1879)
Hermon Merrill Chapin was born in New Hampshire and moved to Cleveland in 1848 where he became a partner in the grocery business. In 1852, he started his own business as a provision dealer and beef and pork packer. Chapin raised money for the Union during the Civil War and was elected as mayor in 1865 without having known that he was even nominated. The Metropolitan Police Act, which transferred the police powers of the mayor, police marshal, and city council to a board of police commissioners, was passed during his term.
Andrews family monument
Sherlock J Andrews (1801-1880) (KSS)
Sherlock J Andrews grave marker (KSS)
Sherlock James Andrews was born in Connecticut and studied law at Yale University. He moved to Cleveland to practice law in 1825. In 1836 Andrews was President of Cleveland's first City Council and the public library board, and in 1841 he was elected as a Whig to the United States House of Representatives, serving until 1843. Andrews was appointed Judge of the Superior Court of Cleveland from 1848-1850. He was a delegate in the Ohio constitutional convention from 1850-1851, and again in 1873.
A fancier Andrews family monument
Rufus Paine Spalding (1798-1886)
Rufus Spalding was born in Massachusetts and studied law at Yale University. He moved to Warren, OH in 1821, then to Ravenna in 1835, practicing law. In 1839 he was elected to the Ohio House of representatives, and was instrumental in the creation of Summit County. Spalding moved to Akron, and was re-elected to the Ohio legislature. From 1849-1852, he served as an Associate Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court.
In 1849, local Free Soil leaders invited Spalding, who was still a Democrat, to give a speech at a party convention in Cleveland. Spalding maintained that he was a strict party man, but his speech was particularly critical of southern Democrats. Spalding argued that slavery should not be extended into the American territories. In 1850, Spalding left the Democratic Party for the Free Soil Party due to the Democrat's support of the Fugitive Slave Act, which he felt made them a "pro-slavery" party. As a lawyer, Spalding began to rally other Cleveland attorneys against southern slaveholders who came to the North looking to claim fugitive slaves. Spalding represented an Underground Railroad supporter and later a fugitive slave, arguing unsuccessfully that the Fugitive Slave laws were unconstitutional.
Spalding was a major figure in the creation of the Ohio Republican Party, initially called the Fusion Party. As a Republican, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives for three terms (1863-1869) and he was a staunch supporter of President Abraham Lincoln.
Cartter family monument
David Kellogg Cartter (1812-1887)
David Cartter was born in New York State and practiced law in Rochester before moving to Ohio in 1836. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives from 1849-1853. After moving to Cleveland in 1856, he abandoned his affiliation with the Democratic Party and was a delegate to the 1860 National Republican Convention, securing the nomination of Abraham Lincoln. President Lincoln appointed Cartter to be United States Minister to Bolivia, for which he served from 1861-1862. Lincoln then nominated Cartter as Chief Justice of the newly established Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, and after Senate confirmation in 1863, he served until his death in 1887.
Baldwin family monument
Charles Candee Baldwin (1834-1895)
Charles C Baldwin was born in Connecticut and moved to Ohio with his family. He studied law at Harvard University, graduating in 1857, and practiced law in Cleveland. After 1870, Baldwin decided to work in insurance. He was the vice president of the Cleveland Linseed Oil Co and director of several banks. Baldwin was one of the founders of the Western Reserve Historical Society and was elected its president in 1886.
Frank Emory Bunts (1861-1928)
Frank Bunts graduated from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1881 and received his medical degree from the Western Reserve University School of Medicine in 1886. He served in the Spanish-American War before returning to practice medicine in Cleveland in 1896. Bunts was professor of principles of surgery and clinical surgery at WRU, and in 1902 became the first president of the Academy of Medicine in Cleveland. In 1921, Bunts, along with George W Crile, Sr, John Phillips, and William E Lower, established the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, patterned after the group-practice model of the Mayo brothers in Rochester, MN.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Lake View Cemetery 6 (9/24/2017)

Sunday, September 24, 2017
Carl Gaertner (1898-1952) (KSS)
Carl Frederick Gaertner was a nationally known artist who specialized in watercolor landscapes. The Cleveland Museum of Art owns the oil painting titled The Pie Wagon (1926), which shows laborers at an industrial plant who spend their lunch break around a horse-drawn bakery wagon in the shadows of factories.
The Bolton family plot
Frances Payne Bingham Bolton (1885-1977) (KSS)
Frances Bolton was the first woman elected to Congress from Ohio, succeeding her husband, Chester Castle Bolton, after his death in 1939. She served an additional 14 terms, and at the end (1968) was the oldest woman to serve in the House of Representatives.
Bolton urged the founding of the Army School of Nursing, which created Army-trained nurses, rather than volunteers, to be used in World War I. She provided financial contributions that enabled Western Reserve University, now Case Western Reserve University, to open one of the first university schools of nursing in the country in 1923. In 1935 the school was renamed the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. As a Republican congressional representative she authored the Bolton Act, which created the Cadet Nurse Corps in 1943. In 1953 she was a delegate to the United Nations; the first woman to serve in this position. One of Bolton's most lasting achievements was sponsoring legislation to purchase property across the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, to prevent commercialization and preserve the view.
Chester Castle Bolton (1882-1939) (KSS)
Chester Bolton was an industrialist in the steel industry, and also raised and bred Guernsey cattle on the Bolton's 65-acre family estate, Franchester Place, in Lyndhurst, Ohio. He was involved in local politics and in 1928 was elected from the Ohio 22nd District to three terms in the United States House of Representatives, as a Republican. He was not elected in 1936, but was re-elected for the following term starting in 1939, and served until his death.
Oliver Payne Bolton (1917-1972) (KSS)
Oliver Bolton was the son of Frances and Chester Bolton, and was also a member of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1953–1957 and from 1963-1965, alongside his mother.
Myron Timothy Herrick (1854-1929) (KSS)
Myron Herrick was a Republican politician who served as Governor of Ohio from 1904-1906. He was also United States Ambassador to France from 1912-1914 and again from 1921-1929. He is the only American ambassador to France with a street named after him in Paris, in the 8th arrondissement. Herrick was the ambassador who hosted Charles Lindbergh in Paris after his successful New York to Paris Atlantic crossing in 1927.
Nancy Cutting Young (1928-2010) was a member of
the Colonial Dames XVII Century
The National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century is an organization of women, eighteen years of age or over, who are lineal descendants of an ancestor who lived and served prior to 1701 in one of the Original Colonies in the geographical area of the present United States of America.
Donaldson family monument
Lake View Dam (1977-1978); at that time it was the largest
concrete-poured dam east of the Mississippi River and it
is still the largest dam in Cuyahoga County
Fisher family monument
Imogene Bliss (1918-2003)
Imogene Bliss was the daughter of Lida Blanche Fisher Bliss and Harry Alfred Bliss. She was an actress with a long career on Broadway before acting in feature films in the 1970s.
Amos Townsend Memorial
Amos Townsend (1821-1895)
Amos Townsend was in the wholesale grocery business and was involved in local politics. He served as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives from 1877-1883, where he secured passage of large appropriations to build the Cleveland breakwater.
The Robison family plot
Helene Hathaway Robison Britton Bigsby (1979-1950)
Helene Robison was the daughter of Frank Robison, the owner of the Cleveland Spiders baseball team until it folded in 1899. When her uncle, Stanley Robison, died in 1911, she inherited the St Louis Cardinals, becoming the first female owner of a major league baseball. She married the Cardinals president Schuler Britton. Robison continued to own the team until she divorced Britton in 1916 and sold her shares in the team in 1917.
Frank DeHass Robison (1852-1908)
Frank Robison started a baseball team called the Cleveland Blues in 1887 and financed the construction of League Park in 1889. The team became the Cleveland Spiders. In 1899, he co-owned the St Louis Perfectos with his brother Stanley. During the single season in which they owned both the Spiders and Perfectos, the brothers transferred the best players of both franchises to St. Louis, leaving the Spiders with a team that finished with a record of 20-134, the worst full-season record ever for a major league baseball team. When Frank died in 1908, Stanley became sole owner of the then St Louis Cardinals.
One of the Glidden family monuments (KSS)
Francis K Glidden (1855-1933) (KSS)
Francis K Glidden was the son of Francis Harrington Glidden, the founder of the Glidden Paint and Varnish Company in Cleveland, Ohio. He started as a secretary for his father and remained in that capacity for much of his career. When his brother Fred became president, he became vice president of the company. He retired when the company was sold in 1915. In 1909 Glidden built a dream home for his family in University Circle. After his death, his wife and her sister continued living in the home until the 1950s. Because the Glidden House was centrally located to the Western Reserve University campus, the school purchased the property and put it to use as the Psychology Department Building for many years; it later became part of the Law School. In the mid-1980s, Glidden House became a boutique hotel.
Another Glidden family monument (KSS)
Francis H Glidden (1832-1922) (KSS)
Francis Harrington Glidden was the founder of the Glidden Paint and Varnish Company. Glidden worked as a sailor and dry goods merchant in New England before a friend offered him a job as a salesman for a varnish company. He learned the trade and started the first vanish works in the Cleveland, Ohio area in 1868. In 1875, the original Glidden Varnish Company was formed.
Babcock family monument (KSS)
Brenton D Babcock (1830-1906) (KSS)
Brenton Babcock worked in the coal industry. He was a 33rd degree Mason and became a member of the Supreme Council for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the USA. He was also a member of the Royal Order of Scotland, and founder of the Cleveland Scottish Rite. As a Democrat, he was elected Mayor of Cleveland for 1887-1888.
Dayton C Miller (1866-1941)
Dayton Clarence Miller was an American mathematician, physicist, astronomer, acoustician, and accomplished amateur flautist. In 1890, Miller became a professor of mathematics and physics at the Case School of Applied Science in Cleveland, Ohio. He served as the chair of the Physics Department from 1895 to 1936. After Konrad von Roentgen created the x-ray machine in 1895, Miller developed his own x-ray machine and completed the first x-ray scan of an entire human body (his own) in 1896. Miller specialized in the use of x-rays in surgery.  In 1921, Miller met with Albert Einstein regarding his recreation of the Michelson-Morley experiments that had led to the development of the Theory of Relativity. Miller also was fascinated with sound and developed the phonodeik (forerunner of the oscilloscope). He also helped design and improve the acoustics of Severance Hall in Cleveland. In his spare time, Miller composed music and designed and collected flutes. After his death, he left his 1,500-flute collection to the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Buffalo Southside Parks (9/23/2017)

Saturday, September 23, 2017
On my way back to Cleveland from Buffalo, I stopped for the landmarks south of the city.
Our Lady of Victory Infant Home (1906) was founded by
Father Norman Baker when he learned that the bones of babies
and small children were found when dredging the nearby Erie Canal
Our Lady of Victory Shrine and Basilica (1921-1926, designed
by Emile Ulrich), a dream come true for Father Nelson Baker
South Park (1894) was designed as an arboretum with a lagoon, and is said to retain the most "Olmstedean character" of any other of the Buffalo parks.
South Park Conservatory (1987-1900, designed by Lord & Burnham Co)
is home to the Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens
South Park Lake is surrounded by the Botanical Gardens Golf Course (1915)
McClellan Circle is part of McKinley Parkway, which was meant
to connect with Fillmore Avenue that goes to Humboldt/MLK Jr Park;
to the right is Red Jacket Parkway leading to Cazenovia Park
Finally, 186-acre Cazenovia Park (1893) included the four major components that characterize Olmsted parks: a wooded perimeter, rolling meadows, a water feature (here, a lake, now gone as it was drained to build a road), and discreet circulation systems for pedestrians and vehicles. Now only Cazenovia Creek wanders through and the park is known for athletic fields.
Cazenovia Creek
Cazenovia Park Casino (1911-1912, designed by Esenwein & Johnson)
Shelter House (1902, designed by Green & Wicks)
Frank Callahan Memorial